Development and initial validation evidence for a mindful eating questionnaire for children

Shelley R. Hart, Shannon Pierson, Keiko Goto, Joan Giampaoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Mindful eating interventions have become a focus among health professionals, which warrants a need for a psychometrically solid assessment tool. The current study outlines the development and initial validation of the Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ) adapted for Children (MEQ-C). Participants included 262 third through fifth grade students (53% female, 57% white, non-Hispanic) who participated in a mindful eating intervention Foodie U. Data was also collected from 140 parents. Exploratory factor analysis delineated two factors (Awareness and Mindless Eating). Test-retest analysis with a subsample (n = 93) indicated moderate correlations for both factors. The two subscales have good construct validity and can be utilized in an exploratory sense for mindful eating interventions among children. Specifically, the eight-item mindless eating subscale has good internal consistency reliability and can independently be used as a questionnaire to assess overall mindless eating practices among children. Further research is needed to explore and better understand domains of mindful eating among children besides awareness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)178-185
Number of pages8
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018


  • Children
  • Eating
  • Mindfulness
  • Obesity
  • Questionnaire
  • Validation
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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