Detrusor hyperplasia and expression of 'immediate early' genes with onset of abnormal urodynamic parameters

O. M.A. Karim, N. Seki, J. L. Mostwin

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26 Scopus citations


To determine the stimulus for growth of the detrusor with a pathophysiological obstruction to the urinary stream, we studied urodynamic parameters, detrusor weight, detrusor DNA content, and the expression of early growth-related protooncogenes in a model of gradual onset bladder outflow obstruction and reversal of obstruction. Silver jeweler's jump rings were placed loosely round the urethra of immature guinea pigs, allowing an obstruction to develop gradually with animal growth. At 1, 2, 4, and 8 wk after surgery, animals were killed after urodynamic studies under urethan anesthesia. Bladders were removed, and mucosa-free detrusor was weighed and frozen for assay of DNA content and expression of c-fos and c-myc protooncogenes. Results were compared with sham-operated age-matched control animals. One week after surgery there was no change in the urodynamic parameters, detrusor weight, or DNA content. At 2, 4, and 8 wk after placement of the silver rings, animals developed obstructive voiding patterns, an increase in detrusor weight, and total DNA content. The onset of obstructive voiding patterns correlated with transient increased levels of c- fos and c-myc mRNA by Northern blot analysis. Autoradiography of in vivo [methyl-3H]thymidine-labeled detrusor muscle from obstructed animals showed myocyte DNA synthesis and mitosis, implying myocyte hyperplasia. After removal of the silver ring, the obstructive voiding patterns resolved and detrusor weight and DNA content returned to levels of the control animals. These results suggest that in the guinea pig bladder subjected to a gradual onset outflow obstruction, detrusor growth is initiated by the development of obstructive voiding patterns. Subsequent structural changes may themselves contribute to dysfunctional voiding, but in this model function initially determines structure, modulating specific gene expression, and cell growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1284-R1290
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Issue number6 32-6
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • bladder obstruction
  • growth
  • smooth muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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