Determinants of perceived sexism and their role on the association of sexism with mental health

Carme Borrell, Lucia Artazcoz, Diana Gil-González, Katherine Pérez, Glòria Pérez, Carmen Vives-Cases, Izabella Rohlfs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The authors of this study sought to compare the socioeconomic factors related to perceived sexism in employed and non-employed Spanish women and to examine whether the relationship of perceived sexism with mental health outcomes is reduced when such factors are taken into account. Data were taken from the 2006 Spanish Health Survey, including women aged 20-64 years (n = 10,927). Multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the independent relationships between socioeconomic variables and perceived sexism and also between perceived sexism and poor mental health. In this latter case, socioeconomic variables were included by blocks in the logistic models. Perceived sexism was higher among employed women (3.9% vs. 2.8% among nonemployed) and mainly among those in a managerial position (11.35%; adjusted OR: 2.71, 95% CI: 1.30-5.67) and having irregular working hours (5.5%; adjusted OR: 1.60, 95% CI: 1.10-2.34). Socioeconomic and family characteristics were associated with perceived sexism among women. Perceived sexism was associated with poor mental health, and this remained the case when different independent variables were taken into account. These results highlight the importance of taking into account gender discrimination in different aspects of our society, such as work and family organization, and in planning mental health interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)583-603
Number of pages21
JournalWomen and Health
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Family characteristics
  • Gender discrimination
  • Poor mental health
  • Sexism
  • Socioeconomic characteristics
  • Work organization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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