Design and data analysis case-controlled study in clinical research

Sanjeev V. Thomas, Karthik Suresh, Geetha Suresh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Clinicians during their training period and practice are often called upon to conduct studies to explore the association between certain exposures and disease states or interventions and outcomes. More often they need to interpret the results of research data published in the medical literature. Case-control studies are one of the most frequently used study designs for these purposes. This paper explains basic features of case control studies, rationality behind applying case control design with appropriate examples and limitations of this design. Analysis of sensitivity and specificity along with template to calculate various ratios are explained with user friendly tables and calculations in this article. The interpretation of some of the laboratory results requires sound knowledge of the various risk ratios and positive or negative predictive values for correct identification for unbiased analysis. A major advantage of case-control study is that they are small and retrospective and so they are economical than cohort studies and randomized controlled trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-487
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Indian Academy of Neurology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2013


  • Analysis
  • case-control study
  • design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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