Design and Anchorage Dependence of Shape Memory Alloy Actuators on Enhanced Voiding of a Bladder

Faezeh Arab Hassani, Gil Gerald Lasam Gammad, Roshini Priya Mogan, Tze Kiat Ng, Tricia Li Chuen Kuo, Lay Guat Ng, Percy Luu, Nitish V. Thakor, Shih Cheng Yen, Chengkuo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The use of shape memory alloy (SMA) actuators to restore voiding of bladder for myogenic under active bladder (UAB) patients is proposed recently. Even though previous work show the unique capability of this technology for bladder voiding, the low voiding volume and high energy consumption of the device limit the advancement of this technique. This study proposes a novel approach using an interlaced configuration to overcome these limitations. In this device, SMA actuators are threaded through rigid anchor points of the flexible vest. The novel anchorage of SMA actuators provides more conformability for the vest and lower energy consumption for the device, while the new interlaced configuration enhances the voiding volume. The device is tested initially on a rubber model for the bladder, then it is implanted in an anesthetized rat, and a voiding volume of more than 20% at 4 V is successfully achieved. A commercial force sensor is integrated with the device to make it suitable for neurogenic UAB patients. The sensor provides a feedback control signal to the patient to initiate the actuation of the device upon fullness of bladder. The overall system is a promising advance over the state-of-the-art providing bladder voiding in UAB patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1700184
JournalAdvanced Materials Technologies
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • anchorage and design
  • flexible electronics
  • force sensors
  • neurogenic under active bladder
  • shape memory alloy actuators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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