Depressive mood and obesity in US adults: Comparison and moderation by sex, age, and race

M. Heo, A. Pietrobelli, K. R. Fontaine, J. A. Sirey, M. S. Faith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

215 Scopus citations


Objective:Sustained depressive mood is a gateway symptom for a major depressive disorder. This paper investigated whether the association between depressive mood and obesity differs as function of sex, age, and race in US adults after controlling for socio-economic variables of martial status, employment status, income level and education level.Methods:A total of 44 800 nationally representative respondents from the 2001 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey were studied. Respondents were classified as having experienced a depressive mood if they felt sad, blue, or depressed at least for 1 week in the previous month. The depressive mood was operationalized in terms of duration and sustenance, both defined based on number of days with depressive mood: 7+ and 14+ days. Age groups were classified as young (18-64 years) and old (65+ years). Obesity status was classified as: not overweight/obese (BMI

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)513-519
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2006


  • Depressive mood
  • Moderator
  • Race
  • Socio-economic status
  • Sustenance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Endocrinology
  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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