Deletion of murine Arv1 results in a lean phenotype with increased energy expenditure

W. R. Lagor, F. Tong, K. E. Jarrett, W. Lin, D. M. Conlon, M. Smith, M. Y. Wang, B. O. Yenilmez, M. G. McCoy, D. W. Fields, S. M. O'Neill, R. Gupta, A. Kumaravel, V. Redon, R. S. Ahima, S. L. Sturley, J. T. Billheimer, D. J. Rader

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: ACAT-related enzyme 2 required for viability 1 (ARV1) is a putative lipid transporter of the endoplasmic reticulum that is conserved across eukaryotic species. The ARV1 protein contains a conserved N-terminal cytosolic zinc ribbon motif known as the ARV1 homology domain, followed by multiple transmembrane regions anchoring it in the ER. Deletion of ARV1 in yeast results in defective sterol trafficking, aberrant lipid synthesis, ER stress, membrane disorganization and hypersensitivity to fatty acids (FAs). We sought to investigate the role of Arv1 in mammalian lipid metabolism. METHODS: Homologous recombination was used to disrupt the Arv1 gene in mice. Animals were examined for alterations in lipid and lipoprotein levels, body weight, body composition, glucose tolerance and energy expenditure. RESULTS: Global loss of Arv1 significantly decreased total cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in the plasma. Arv1 knockout mice exhibited a dramatic lean phenotype, with major reductions in white adipose tissue (WAT) mass and body weight on a chow diet. This loss of WAT is accompanied by improved glucose tolerance, higher adiponectin levels, increased energy expenditure and greater rates of whole-body FA oxidation. CONCLUSIONS: This work identifies Arv1 as an important player in mammalian lipid metabolism and whole-body energy homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere181
JournalNutrition and Diabetes
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 19 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


Dive into the research topics of 'Deletion of murine Arv1 results in a lean phenotype with increased energy expenditure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this