Decreased expression of Cyr61 is associated with prostate cancer recurrence after surgical treatment

Katherine B. D'Antonio, Lucianna Schultz, Roula Albadine, Alison M. Mondul, Elizabeth A. Platz, George J. Netto, Robert H. Getzenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Purpose: Cysteine-rich angiogenic inducer 61 (Cyr61) is an extracellular matrix protein involved in the transduction of growth factor and hormone signaling. Previous studies have suggested that Cyr61 may be a marker for a more aggressive phenotype. In this study, we evaluated the association between Cyr61 staining intensity and subsequent recurrence after surgical treatment of clinically localized prostate cancer. Experimental Design: A study of 229 men with recurrence and 229 controls matched on age, race, pathologic stage, and Gleason sum nested in a cohort of men who underwent radical prostatectomy for clinically localized prostate cancer, utilizing immunohistochemistry analysis of tissue microarray (TMA) sections, was conducted. Odds ratios (OR) of recurrence and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using conditional logistic regression. Results: Recurrence was identified in 12.2% of cases, and in 24.0% of controls that had at least 1 TMA spot containing cancer with a staining intensity of 3 (P = 0.001). Taking into account age, pathologic stage and grade, presurgery prostate-specific antigen concentration, and calendar of surgery as a measure of tissue block storage time, men with a Cyr61 staining intensity of 3 were 56% less likely to recur than men with a lower staining intensity (OR = 0.44, 95% CI = 0.22-0.90). Conclusions: High Cyr61 staining intensity in adenocarcinoma was associated with a lower risk of recurrence after surgical treatment of prostate cancer independent of pathologic tumor characteristics. If validated in other sample sets, Cyr61 may serve as a tissue biomarker for stratifying men for risk of recurrence and thus could inform treatment decision making.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5908-5913
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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