Deaths from acute exposure to trichloroethylene

Earl S. Ford, Sheila Rhodes, Melissa McDiarmid, Sorell L. Schwartz, Joyce Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a commonly used halogenated hydrocarbon in industry. We report on deaths attributed to TCE exposure that occurred between 1975 and 1992. In addition, we present a case report from the most recent death, including tissue concentration modeling. The deaths shared a number of features. All occurred in young men who were usually working in confined spaces without adequate ventilation. These preventable deaths suggest that safety precautions are not being observed by workers and employers. Employers should ensure that their employees are adequately trained in the dangers of working with TCE, that adequate ventilation of the working environment is provided, that the proper personal protective equipment (PPE) is available to their workers, and that workers should not work alone or unobserved when using TCE in confined spaces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)749-754
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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