Using a complement-dependent microcytotoxicity assay, sera from melanoma patients were analyzed for antibody reactivity with cultured melanoma and normal adult skin fibroblasts. Sera from Stage I tumor-bearing patients prior to surgical excision, poor-prognosis Stage I and Stage ll patients after tumor excision and lymphadenectomy but prior to adjuvant therapy, and normal individuals with a similar age and sex distribution were tested against a melanoma-fibroblast pair from an allogeneic donor. The groups displayed a wide range of cytotoxicity against both cell types, and no serum possessed melanoma-specific reactivity. Mean cytotoxicity of the Stage I tumor-bearing group was not significantly different (p > 0.05) from that of the normal group for either target cell, and patients whose tumors went on to recur were not different from nonrecurrent patients. The Stage I and II postlymphadenectomy patients were not different from the normals in fibroblast reactivity. However, melanoma reactivity was significantly higher in the postlymphadenectomy patients than the normals (p < 0.02). This was the result of an elevated reactivity in the patient population who remained disease free compared to patients whose tumors went on to recur (p < 0.01), although a large overlap existed between these two groups. Cytotoxicity against autologous melanoma and fibroblasts was observed with sera obtained throughout the clinical course of four Stage II patients, and no melanoma-specific reactivity was detected. Absorption with cultured fetal fibroblasts of sera from Stage II patients both before and after immunotherapy with Bacillus Calmette-Guérin and allogeneic melanoma removed reactivity against allogeneic and autologous melanoma and adult fibroblasts. Therefore, the predominant antibody reactivity detected in these patients was directed against common fetal fibroblast-associated antigens, and no evidence was obtained for the presence of antibodies reactive with unique or shared tumor-specific antigens.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Jun 1 1982|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research