Cytokine polymorphisms in Th1/Th2 pathway genes, body mass index, and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Yingtai Chen, Tongzhang Zheng, Qing Lan, Francine Foss, Christopher Kim, Xuezhong Chen, Min Dai, Yumin Li, Theodore Holford, Brian Leaderer, Peter Boyle, Stephen J. Chanock, Nathaniel Rothman, Yawei Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


We conducted a population-based, case-control study in Connecticut women to test the hypothesis that genetic variations in Th1 and Th2 cytokine genes modify the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Compared with those with BMI less than 25 kg/m2, women with BMI more than or equal to 25 kg/m2 had 50% to 90% increased risk of NHL among women who carried IFNGR2 (rs9808753) AA, IL5 (rs2069812) CT/TT, IL7R (rs1494555) AA, and TNF (rs1799724) CC genotypes, but no increased risk among women with IFNGR2 AG/GG, IL5 CC, IL7R AG/GG, and TNF CT/TT genotypes. A significant interaction with BMI was only observed for IFNGR2 (rs9808753 Pforinteraction = .034) and IL7R (rs1494555 P forinteraction = .016) for NHL overall; IL7R (rs1494555 P forinteraction = .016) and TNF (1799724 Pforinteraction = .031) for B-cell lymphoma; and IL5 (rs2069812 Pforinteraction = .034) for T-cell lymphoma. After stratification by common B-cell lymphoma subtypes, a significant interaction was observed for IFNGR2 (rs9808753 P forinteraction = .006), IL13 (rs20541 Pforinteraction = .019), and IL7R (rs1494555 Pforinteraction = .012) for marginal zone B-cell lymphoma; IL7R (rs1494555 Pforinteraction = .017) for small lymphocytic lymphoma/chronic lymphocytic leukemia; and IL12A (rs568408 P forinteraction = .013) and TNF (1799724 Pforinteraction = .04) for follicular lymphoma. The results suggest that common genetic variation in Th1/Th2 pathway genes may modify the association between BMI and NHL risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)585-590
Number of pages6
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 13 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology


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