Tissue from six human extragonadal teratomas was obtained for cytogenetic study. These included two gluteal lesions in infant females, and one each of thyroid, mediastinal, sacral and gastric teratomas in males. Tissue culture characteristics indicated tumor growth. All tumors, except the mediastinal lesion showed the presumed karyotype of its host, XX or XY. The mediastinal mass was tetraploid XXYY and contained an X chromatin body and double Y bodies. Our data support the concept that extragonadal teratomas in males and females arise mitotically from diploid cells and are more similar to identical twins. No heterosexual (XX) tumors were seen in males which would be expected in parthenogenetic tumors. The sex chromatin positive tumors seen in earlier studies may have resulted from polvploidy. Thus, male and female extragonadal teratomas have a different origin from the postmeiotic ovarian teratomas.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Biology
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis