Surgery is a major source of errors in patient care. Preventing complications from surgical errors in the operating room is estimated to lead to reduction of up to 41 846 readmissions and save $620.3 million per year. It is now established that poor technical skill is associated with an increased risk of severe adverse events postoperatively and traditional models to train surgeons are being challenged by rapid advances in technology, an intensified patient-safety culture, and a need for value-driven health systems. This review discusses the current methods available for evaluating technical skills in cataract surgery and the recent technological advancements that have enabled capture and analysis of large amounts of complex surgical data for more automated objective skills assessment.
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