CUGBP1 is required for IFNβ-mediated induction of dominant-negative CEBPβ and suppression of SIV replication in macrophages

Justyna M. Dudaronek, Sheila A. Barber, Janice E. Clements

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Productive HIV replication in the CNS occurs very early after infection, yet HIV-associated cognitive disorders do not typically manifest until the development of AIDS, suggesting that mechanisms exist in the CNS to control HIV replication and associated virus-induced pathological changes during the acute and asymptomatic stages of disease. Using an established SIV/macaque model of HIV dementia, we recently demonstrated that the mechanisms regulating virus replication in the brain at these stages involve the production of IFNβ, which induces the truncated, dominant-negative isoform of C/EBPβ, also referred to as LIP (liverenriched transcriptional inhibitory protein). Alternative translation of C/EBPβ mRNA and increased production of LIP can be mediated by CUGBP1 (CUG-repeat RNA-binding protein 1). Because IFNβ induces the inhibitory C/EBPβ in macrophages, we considered the possibility that IFNβ signaling regulates the activity of CUGBP1, resulting in increased expression of LIP and suppression of SIV replication. In this study, we report that IFNβ induces LIP and suppresses active SIV replication in primary macrophages from rhesus macaques. Further, we demonstrate that IFNβ induces the phosphorylation of CUGBP1 and the formation of CUGBP1-C/EBPβ mRNA complexes in the human monocytic U937 cell line. Finally, we demonstrate that CUGBP1 is not only required for IFNβ-mediated induction of LIP but also for IFNβ-mediated suppression of SIV replication. These results suggest that CUGBP1 is a previously unrecognized downstream effector of IFNβ signaling in primary macrophages that likely plays a pivotal role in innate immune responses that control acute HIV/SIV replication in the brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7262-7269
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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