Critical incident stress debriefing (CISD): a meta-analysis.

G. S. Everly, S. H. Boyle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


Psychological debriefings represent a genre of group crisis interventions. Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD) represents the oldest standardized variation of this genre. Recent reviews have called into question the effectiveness of CISD. In this study 5 previously published investigations were meta-analyzed revealing a large effect size (Cohen's d = .86) supporting the notion that the CISD model of psychological debriefing is an effective crisis intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-168
Number of pages4
JournalInternational journal of emergency mental health
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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