Creating Breast and Gynecologic Cancer Guidelines for Transgender Patients With BRCA Mutations

Bronwyn S. Bedrick, Timothee F. Fruhauf, Stephen J. Martin, James S. Ferriss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


More than 1.5 million individuals in the United States identify as transgender. Transgender individuals have lower rates of health care utilization and higher rates of health care discrimination than cisgender patients. With a growing interest in providing comprehensive and compassionate care to the transgender community, there has been a concurrent increase in research on transgender health. However, lack of long-term data limits understanding the effects of hormone therapy on cancer risk factors in this population. This is particularly relevant for patients with hormonally mediated cancers and those at elevated risk from hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndromes. Few cancer-screening and management guidelines currently exist for this population. Specific practices guided by the nuances of gender identity and gender-affirming care are essential to improve clinical management and to avoid further alienating a population that is already marginalized from the health care system. This commentary summarizes screening, management, and surveillance strategies devised for cisgender patients to offer corresponding recommendations tailored for transgender BRCA mutation carriers. In doing so, it highlights critical unanswered questions pertaining to the care of these patients. To address these questions, we must prioritize this population and adopt more inclusive frameworks in medicine and research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)911-917
Number of pages7
JournalObstetrics and gynecology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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