COVID-19 vaccination among different types of US Healthcare Personnel

Matthew Z. Dudley, Holly B. Schuh, Jana Shaw, Rajiv N. Rimal, Steven A. Harvey, Kristian R. Balgobin, Alexander J. Zapf, Daniel A. Salmon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Increasing vaccine coverage remains the best way to control the COVID-19 pandemic. Healthcare personnel (HCP) have long been the most credible and frequently used source of vaccine information for the public, and an HCP recommendation is a strong predictor of vaccination. Methods: A survey of HCP was conducted in September 2021 via a double opt-in network panel. Responses to survey items were summarized and stratified by HCP type and adjusted logistic regression models were fitted. Results: >94% of the 1074 HCP surveyed reported receiving at least one dose of COVID-19 vaccine or intending to soon, with vaccinating most common among pediatricians (98%), followed by family medicine doctors (96%), pharmacists (94%), and nurses/nurse practitioners/physician assistants (88%). HCP with high trust in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention had 26 times the odds of vaccinating of HCP with low trust (95%CI: 9, 74). Nearly half of unvaccinated HCP (47%) were concerned about side effects, and one third of unvaccinated HCP (33%) were concerned the vaccine was developed too quickly. About three quarters of HCP reported strongly recommending the Pfizer-BioNTech (75%) and Moderna (70%) vaccines to their patients, compared to about one quarter (24%) strongly recommending Johnson & Johnson. Conclusions: Although most HCP are vaccinated against COVID-19 and strongly recommend vaccination to their patients, some harbor similar concerns to the public. Additional resources – regularly updated to explain the progressing scientific landscape and address ever evolving public concerns – are needed to further improve vaccine coverage among HCP and aid them in supporting the decision-making of their patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1471-1479
Number of pages9
Issue number8
StatePublished - Feb 17 2023


  • COVID-19
  • COVID-19 vaccines
  • Health Personnel
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • General Veterinary
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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