Cost-effectiveness of universal isoniazid preventive therapy among HIV-infected pregnant women in South Africa

H. Y. Kim, C. F. Hanrahan, N. Martinson, J. E. Golub, D. W. Dowdy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incremental cost-effectiveness of universal vs. test-directed treatment of latent tuberculous infection (LTBI) among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive pregnant women in South Africa. METHODS: We compared tuberculin skin test (TST) directed isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) (TST placement with delivery of IPT to women with positive results) against QuantiFERONw-TB Gold In-Tube (QGIT) directed IPT and universal IPT using decision analysis. Costs were measured empirically in six primary care public health clinics in Matlosana, South Africa. The primary outcome was the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio, expressed in 2016 US$ per disabilityadjusted life-year (DALY) averted. RESULTS: We estimated that 29.2 of every 1000 pregnant women would develop TB over the course of 1 year in the absence of IPT. TST-directed IPT reduced this number to 24.5 vs. 22.6 with QGIT-directed IPT and 21.0 with universal IPT. Universal IPT was estimated to cost $640/ DALY averted (95% uncertainty range $44-$3146) relative to TST-directed IPT and was less costly and more effective (i.e., dominant) than QGIT-directed IPT. Costeffectiveness was most sensitive to the probability of developing TB and LTBI prevalence. CONCLUSION: Providing IPT to all eligible women can be a cost-effective strategy to prevent TB among HIVpositive pregnant women in South Africa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1435-1442
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018


  • Cost-effectiveness
  • HIV-infected pregnant women
  • Isoniazid preventive therapy
  • South Africa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Infectious Diseases


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