Non-invasive visualization of the coronary arteries represents a major challenge in modern cardiology, but this goal may be achieved in the near future by MR angiography. Possible applications are non-invasive diagnosis of coronary artery disease, and follow-up examinations for therapy control after PTCA, in order to detect restenosis at an early stage. A multiple slice technique (2 mm slice thickness, with a spatial resolution of 1 x 1 mm, Philips Gyroscan ACS-II, 1.5 Tesla) was used. Ten volunteers were imaged and 10 patients with coronary artery disease were examined before and after PTCA. MR measurements were validated by quantitative coronary angiography. The diameters of the proximal coronary arteries as measured by both methods were compared, and a good correlation was found (r = 0.76). Thus, it is concluded that non-invasive visualization of the coronary arteries is possible before and after PTCA and allows to determine potential restenoses. However, patient cooperation is essential for good image quality. Moreover, limited spatial image resolution and breathing artifacts restrict MR coronary angiography today to be used as a routine diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease.
|Number of pages
|Published - Jul 4 1996
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine