COPII subunit interactions in the assembly of the vesicle coat

David A. Shaywitz, Peter J. Espenshade, Ruth E. Gimeno, Chris A. Kaiser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

121 Scopus citations


In vitro analysis of COPII vesicle formation in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has demonstrated the requirement for three cytosolic factors: Sec31p-Sec13p, Sec23p-Sec24p, and Sar1p. Convergent evidence suggests that the peripheral endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane protein Sec16p also represents an important component of the vesicle assembly apparatus: SEC16 interacts genetically with all five COPII genes; Sec16p binds to Sec23p and Sec24p, is found on ER-derived transport vesicles, and is required in vitro for the efficient release of ER-derived vesicle cargo. In this report, we demonstrate an important functional interaction between Sec16p and Sec31p. First, we map onto Sec31p binding regions for Sec16p, Sec23p, Sec24p, and Sec13p. Second, we show that a truncation mutant of Sec31p specifically defective for Sec16p binding is unable to complement a sec31Δ mutant and cannot rescue the secretion defect of a temperature-sensitive sec31 mutant at nonpermissive temperatures. We propose that Sec16p organizes the assembly of a coat that is stabilized both by the interaction of Sec31p with Sec23p and Sec24p and by the interaction of these three components with Sec16p.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25413-25416
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number41
StatePublished - Oct 10 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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