Continuing education in critical care medicine

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


New knowledge and technology are being added to healthcare at a rapid rate. In order for physicians to incorporate new knowledge to their practice, a process of lifelong learning must occur. In order to teach adults, one must understand how they learn. Andragogy is the study of how adults learn. There are several learning theories based on the principles andragogy and many of them are used in lifelong learning and improvement (LLI) of physicians. There are several approaches to instructing adult in LLI. The most frequently used are lectures, group discussion, simulation, and self-instruction. LLI that base their educational strategizes on multiple learning theories and use multiple instructional design methods are most effective and are associated with improved knowledge, skills, and patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSurgical Intensive Care Medicine, Third Edition
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9783319196688
ISBN (Print)9783319196671
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016


  • Classic adult learning theory
  • Effectiveness of CME
  • Forgetting curve
  • Instructional methods of teaching
  • Maintenance of certification
  • Modern learning theory
  • Pedagogy vs. andragogy
  • Performance/quality improvement
  • Simulation
  • Taxonomy of behavioral objectives

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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