Two unusual variants of bronchopulmonary foregut malformations are presented. The first case was that of a 12-year-old male with a history of pectus excavatum in whom severe lobar emphysema developed secondary to an intralobar pulmonary sequestration that communicated with the esophagus. This case was unusual in that foregut communications and associated congenital anomalies are generally believed to be restricted to extralobar pulmonary sequestrations. The second case was that of a 27-year-old woman with an extralobar pulmonary sequestration that communicated with the esophagus. The sequestration was unusual in that it arose in the anterior mediastinum and received the bulk of its blood supply from the pulmonary artery. The occurrence of mixed forms of pulmonary sequestrations supports the hypothesis that extralobar and intralobar sequestrations and sequestrations with foregut communication are related thoracic disorders that are best considered bronchopulmonary foregut malformations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine