Concern about workplace violence and its risk factors in chinese township hospitals: A cross-sectional study

Kai Xing, Xue Zhang, Mingli Jiao, Yu Cui, Yan Lu, Jinghua Liu, Jingjing Zhang, Yuchong Zhao, Yanming Zhao, Ye Li, Libo Liang, Zheng Kang, Qunhong Wu, Mei Yin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Workplace violence in Chinese township hospitals is a major public health problem. We identified the risk factors of healthcare workers’ worry about experiencing workplace violence in 90 Chinese township hospitals and determined specific measures for differing stages of violence (based on crisis management theory). Participants were 440 general practitioners and 398 general nurses from Heilongjiang Province, China (response rate 84.6%). One hundred and six (12.6%) respondents reported being physically attacked in their workplace in the previous 12 months. Regarding psychological violence, the most common type reported was verbal abuse (46.0%). While most (85.2%) respondents had some degree of worry about suffering violence, 22.1% were worried or very worried. Ordinal regression analysis revealed that being ⩽35 years of age, having a lower educational level, having less work experience, and working night shifts were all associated with worry about workplace violence. Furthermore, those without experience of such violence were more likely to worry about it. Respondents’ suggested measures for controlling violence included “widening channels on medical dispute solutions,” “improving doctor-patient communication,” and “advocating for respect for medical workers via the media.” Results suggest the target factors for reducing healthcare workers’ worry by according to the type of education and training and possible measures for limiting workplace violence in township hospitals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number811
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 10 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Risk factors
  • Township hospitals
  • Workplace violence
  • Worry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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