Computerized tomography guided access for percutaneous nephrostolithotomy

Brian R. Matlaga, Ojas D. Shah, Ronald J. Zagoria, Raymond B. Dyer, Stevan B. Streem, Dean G. Assimos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations


Purpose: Access for percutaneous nephrostolithotomy (PNL) using conventional fluoroscopic guidance may carry an increased risk of damage to surrounding organs in patients with renal calculi and aberrant anatomy. In these situations cross-sectional anatomical imaging may facilitate safe percutaneous access. We describe our experience with computerized tomography (CT) guided percutaneous access for such patients undergoing PNL. Materials and Methods: Between June 2000 and December 2001, 154 patients underwent PNL at our institution. Five of these patients (3%) required a total of 6 percutaneous access tracks under CT guidance. All patients in this group had anatomical abnormalities precluding standard access to the collecting system without risk to adjacent organs. These abnormalities included a retrorenal colon in 2 and a severely distorted body habitus due to spinal dysraphism in 3. Results: Percutaneous access was achieved without complication in all cases. At subsequent PNL 5 of the 6 renal units (83%) were rendered completely stone-free. Conclusion: CT guided percutaneous access is infrequently required for PNL. However, there is a select group of patients with anatomical anomalies that may predictably require this procedure to facilitate safe and efficacious PNL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-47
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Kidney
  • Kidney calculi
  • Nephrostomy, percutaneous
  • Tomography, x-ray computed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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