Comprehensive Migraine Initiative in the Pediatric Emergency Department Improves Treatment Outcomes

Clare E. Skora, Lila T. Worden, Chris B. Oakley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objective: To compare pediatric migraine treatment efficacy in the emergency department before and after the implementation of a comprehensive migraine initiative, consisting of a standardized treatment protocol, provider educational series and standardized physician documentation template. Background: Pediatric migraine is common, accounting for 1% of pediatric emergency department visits. Yet there is large variability in treatment practices, with few studies looking into measures of both clinical effectiveness and timeliness of treatment following implementation of standardized protocols. Methods: A single-center retrospective chart review of pediatric patients presenting to the emergency department with migraine before and after implementation of an institutional headache initiative designed to more effectively and efficiently deliver care to pediatric migraine patients. Results: The study yielded 110 patients each in the intervention and preintervention groups. There were no significant differences in patient characteristics with respect to age, gender, or initial pain score. Compared with the preintervention group, the intervention group demonstrated a significant reduction in headache pain score prior to discharge (decrease of 5.9 vs 4.8 in preintervention group, P value.006) with a greater percentage of patients achieving ≥50% reduction in pain (82% vs 67% in preintervention group, P value.039). Additionally, we found a significantly decreased time to treatment in the intervention group compared with the preintervention group (1.8 vs 2.1 hours, P value.046). Conclusion: Through the use of a standardized treatment protocol, improved provider education, and ease of documentation, this comprehensive migraine initiative improved efficacy and efficiency of migraine treatment in the pediatric emergency department.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-241
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of child neurology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020


  • acute therapy
  • emergency department
  • pediatric migraine
  • standardized protocol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'Comprehensive Migraine Initiative in the Pediatric Emergency Department Improves Treatment Outcomes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this