Composite outcome measures in a pragmatic clinical trial of chronic heart failure management: A comparative assessment

Sungwon Chang, Patricia M. Davidson, Phillip J. Newton, Peter Macdonald, Melinda J. Carrington, Thomas H. Marwick, John D. Horowitz, Henry Krum, Christopher M. Reid, Yih Kai Chan, Paul A. Scuffham, David Sibbritt, Simon Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Background A number of composite outcomes have been developed to capture the perspective of the patient, clinician and objective measures of health in assessing heart failure outcomes. To date there has been a limited examination in the composition of these outcomes. Methods and results Three commonly used scoring systems in heart failure trials: Packer's composite, Patient Journey and the African American Heart Failure Trial (A-HeFT) scores were compared in assessing outcomes from the Which heart failure intervention is most cost-effective & consumer friendly in reducing hospital care (WHICH(?)) Trial. Comparability and interpretability of these outcomes and the influence of each component to the final outcome were examined. Despite all three composite outcomes incorporating mortality, hospitalisation and quality of life (QoL), the contribution of each individual component to the final outcomes differed. The component with the most influence in deteriorating condition for the Packer's composite was hospitalisation (67.7%), while in Patient Journey it was QoL (61.5%) and for A-HeFT composite score it was mortality (45.4%). Conclusions The contribution made by each component varied in subtle, but important ways. This study emphasises the importance of understanding the value system of the composite outcomes to enable meaningful interpretation of results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-68
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
StatePublished - Apr 15 2015


  • Chronic heart failure
  • Composite outcome
  • Outcome assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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