Complications and Management of Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) Injections to the Midface

Roberto Murillo Limongi, Jeremiah Tao, Andre Borba, Filipe Pereira, Ana Rosa Pimentel, Patrícia Akaishi, Antônio Augusto Velasco Cruz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Background Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) has been used as an injectable filler to treat hollows and reduce rhytids. PMMA injections have been associated with several side effects, however, the literature is scarce on periorbital complications and their treatments. Objectives The purpose of this study is to report a series of complications after periorbital PMMA injections to the midface and to describe their management. Methods Retrospective chart review, including photography and histopathology when available. Results The authors identified 11 cases of complications of PMMA injections to the midface. Patient ages ranged from 36 to 62 years (mean, 47 years; median, 44 years). Two (18%) were males and 9 (82%) were females. Adverse effects began between 2 to 24 months after injection (mean, 7.2 months; median, 6 months). All patients had edema, erythema, and contour irregularity. Seven (64%) patients had nodules, 4 (36%) had yellow, xanthomatous skin changes, and 2 (18%) had eyelid malposition. Histopathology demonstrated a giant cell inflammation in 5 of 6 cases. Corticosteroid injection was tried in 6 cases but was associated with minimal clinical improvement. Surgical debulking of the implanted material was performed in 9 (82%) cases and was effective in improving edema, erythema, and nodularity. Conclusions PMMA injection to the midface may be associated with chronic inflammation, fibrotic nodules, yellowing of the skin, and eyelid malposition. Intralesional corticosteroid injections yielded minimal or no improvement; surgical debulking achieved favorable results. Level of Evidence: 4 Therapeutic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-135
Number of pages4
JournalAesthetic surgery journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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