Compliance with tobacco scontrol policies in India: An examination of facilitators and barriers

M. M. Turner, R. N. Rimal, E. Lumby, J. Cohen, A. Surette, V. Roundy, E. Feighery, V. Shah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


SETTING: India's Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA) prohibits smoking in public places, limits advertising at points of sale, and bans sales in close proximity to educational institutions. OBJECTIVE : To examine key stakeholders' (i.e., tobacco retailers, hotel and restaurant owners/managers, law enforcement officials, school principals/administrators) perceptions of facilitators and barriers to compliance with COTPA. DESIGN: Using semi-structured in-depth interviews (n= 60), we identified a range of facilitators and barriers that varied across the venues. RESULTS : A number of simple measures to increase compliance were identified: provide signs to retailers, provide aesthetically pleasing signs more fitting for the atmosphere of the hotel/restaurant, etc., and empower law enforcement to implement the law. CONCLUSIONS : Priority should be placed on public awareness, as it can facilitate compliance in numerous venues. Communication efforts could be undertaken to change the public's residual negative attitudes toward the policy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)411-416
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016


  • COTPA promotion
  • Enforcement
  • Prevention
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Infectious Diseases


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