Complex humanitarian emergencies: A review of epidemiological and response models

F. M. Burkle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Complex emergencies (CEs) have been the most common human-generated disaster of the past two decades. These internal conflicts and associated acts of genocide have been poorly understood and poorly managed. This article provides an epidemiological background and understanding of developing and developed countries, and chronic or smoldering countries' CEs, and explains in detail the prevailing models of response seen by the international community. Even though CEs are declining in number, they have become more complex and dangerous. The UN Charter reform is expected to address internal conflicts and genocide but may not provide a more effective and efficient means to respond.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)110-115
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Postgraduate Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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