Comparison of simultaneous vs sequential pars plana vitrectomy and cataract surgery

Abdelhalim A. Awidi, Priya M. Mathews, Nakul Shekhawat, Fasika A. Woreta, Divya Srikumaran, Yassine J. Daoud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: To compare the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing sequential pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) followed by cataract extraction surgery (CE) [PPV/CE], simultaneous PPV and CE (PPV + CE), and sequential CE followed by PPV [CE/PPV]. Methods: A retrospective observational cohort study of 427 eyes of 404 patients who underwent either sequential or simultaneous PPV and CE surgery between March 2016 and May 2021. Pre-operative and post-operative assessments (up to 2 years of follow-up visits) of uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), spherical equivalent (SEQ), and refractive prediction error (RPE) was done. Main outcome measures were both visual (UCVA, CDVA) and refractive (RPE, SEQ). Results: There was a statistically significant difference in CDVA of the PPV/CE, PPV + CE, CE/PPV groups (logMAR 0.34 ± 0.40, 0.65 ± 0.61, and 0.55 ± 0.60, respectively) at one month postoperatively (POM1) (P < 0.001), and at the POM12 visits (logMAR 0.25 ± 0.34, 0.53 ± 0.68, and 0.44 ± 0.48; P = 0.04). In the subgroup analysis of patients with a diagnosis of either epiretinal membrane or vitreous opacities, there was no statistically significant difference in SEQ (P = 0.09) and RPE (P = 0.13) at the combined 1 month and 3 month visits. Conclusion: Simultaneous PPV and cataract surgery demonstrated similar improvements in visual acuity and refractive outcomes, as well as comparable intraoperative and postoperative complication profiles to sequential surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number74
JournalBMC Ophthalmology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023


  • Cataract surgery
  • Outcomes
  • Pars plana vitrectomy
  • Sequential
  • Simultaneous

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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