Comparison of Semi-automatic Volumetric VX2 Hepatic Tumor Segmentation from Cone Beam CT and Multi-detector CT with Histology in Rabbit Models

Olivier Pellerin, Ming De Lin, Nikhil Bhagat, Roberto Ardon, Benoit Mory, Jean François Geschwind

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Rationale and Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare tumor volume in a VX2 rabbit model as calculated using semiautomatic tumor segmentation from C-arm cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) to the actual tumor volume. Materials and Methods: Twenty VX2 tumors in 20 adult male New Zealand rabbits (one tumor per rabbit) were imaged with CBCT (using an intra-arterial contrast medium injection) and MDCT (using an intravenous contrast injection). All tumor volumes were measured using semiautomatic three-dimensional volumetric segmentation software. The software uses a region-growing method using non-Euclidean radial basis functions. After imaging, the tumors were excised for pathologic volume measurement. The imaging-based tumor volume measurements were compared to the pathologic volumes using linear regression, with Pearson's test, and correlated using Bland-Altman analysis. Results: Average tumor volumes were 3.5 ± 1.6 cm3 (range, 1.4-7.2 cm3) on pathology, 3.8 ± 1.6 cm3 (range, 1.3-7.3 cm3) on CBCT, and 3.9 ± 1.6 (range, 1.8-7.5 cm3) on MDCT (P < .001). A strong correlation between volumes on pathology and CBCT and also with MDCT was observed (Pearson's correlation coefficient = 0.993 and 0.996, P < .001, for CBCT and MDCT, respectively). Bland-Altman analysis showed that MDCT tended to overestimate tumor volume, and there was stronger agreement for tumor volume between CBCT and pathology than with MDCT, possibly because of the intra-arterial contrast injection. Conclusions: Tumor volume as measured using semiautomatic tumor segmentation software showed a strong correlation with the "real volume" measured on pathology. The segmentation software on CBCT and MDCT can be a useful tool for volumetric hepatic tumor assessment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-121
Number of pages7
JournalAcademic radiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • C-arm cone-beam CT
  • Multidetector CT
  • Tumor segmentation software
  • VX2 hepatic tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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