Comparing viewer and array mental rotations in different planes

Mackenzie Carpenter, Dennis R. Proffitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Participants imagined rotating either themselves or an array of objects that surrounded them. Their task was to report on the egocentric position of an item in the array following the imagined rotation. The dependent measures were response latency and number of errors committed. Past research has shown that self-rotation is easier than array rotation. However, we found that imagined egocentric rotations were as difficult to imagine as rotations of the environment when people performed imagined rotations in the midsagittal or coronal plane. The advantages of imagined self-rotations are specific to mental rotations performed in the transverse plane.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberBF03196395
Pages (from-to)441-448
Number of pages8
JournalMemory and Cognition
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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