Community screening for eye disease by laypersons: The Hoffberger program

Harry A. Quigley, Chan Kee Park, Patricia A. Tracey, Irvin P. Pollack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


PURPOSE: To describe the results of a community-based eye screening program in Baltimore. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of the results of screening both eyes of 5352 persons who presented at multiple community sites. The screening examination had eight risk factor questions, visual acuity measurement, and a screening field test and was carried out by technicians and lay volunteers. Screened persons (screenees) received a definitive eye examination at no out-of-pocket cost, transportation was offered, and inexpensive eyeglasses were provided if needed. The main outcome measures were the rate of appointment keeping and the eye diseases identified. Telephone interviews were used to assess reasons for missing appointments and satisfaction with visits. RESULTS: Screenees had a median age of 45 years, were 71% black, 59% female, and had estimated median annual family income of $24,000. Among 1331 screenees who scheduled a definitive examination appointment, 552 (41%) completed the visit. Data on definitive diagnosis was available in 480 out of 552 persons (87%). Reasons given for failing to come for definitive examination were: no appointment given (26%), forgot (20%), lack of transportation (9%), and lack of insurance coverage (6%). Of those who accepted a second visit date after defaulting, only 25% (41/167) appeared. Of 17 persons identified with glaucoma at screening, 4 had previously been diagnosed, but had ceased active care. CONCLUSION: After community screening for eye disease, efforts to provide definitive ophthalmic examination were only modestly effective. Failure of screenees to come for examination and loss to follow up were identified as serious problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)386-392
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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