Community-driven impact of a newborn-focused behavioral intervention on maternal health in Shivgarh, India

Vishwajeet Kumar, Aarti Kumar, Vinita Das, Neeraj M. Srivastava, Abdullah H. Baqui, Mathuram Santosham, Gary L. Darmstadt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Objective: To assess the effect on maternal health outcomes of a community-based behavior change management intervention for essential newborn care leading to a reduction in neonatal mortality. Methods: A cluster-randomized controlled trial involving 1 control and 2 intervention arms was conducted in Shivgarh, India, between January 2004 and May 2005. Risk-enhancing domiciliary newborn care behaviors, including those posing a concomitant risk to maternal health, were targeted through home visits and community meetings. Secondary outcomes included knowledge of maternal danger signs, self-reported complications, maternal care practices, care-seeking from trained providers, and maternal mortality ratio (MMR). The intervention arms were combined for analysis, which was done by intention to treat. Results: Significant improvements were observed in maternal health equity and outcomes including knowledge of danger signs, care practices, self-reported complications, and timely care-seeking from trained providers. The difference in adjusted MMR was not significant (relative risk 0.44; 95% confidence interval, 0.14-1.43; P = 0.11) owing to the inadequate sample size for this outcome, but may suggest a decline in MMR given improvements in other outcomes in the causal pathway to mortality. Conclusion: Community-based strategies focused on prevention and care-seeking effectively complemented facility-based strategies toward improving maternal health, while synergizing with newborn care interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-55
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 2012


  • Behavior change management
  • Care-seeking
  • Equity
  • Essential newborn care
  • India
  • Maternal health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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