Communal Violence and Child Psychosocial Well-being: QualitativE Findings from Poso, Indonesia

Wietse A. Tol, Ria Reis, Dessy Susanty, Joop T.v.m. de Jong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


This exploratory study examined the health care system in relation to communal violence-related psychosocial wellbeing in Poso, Indonesia, as preparation for conducting a cluster randomized trial of a psychosocial intervention. We employed focus groups with children (N = 9), parents (N = 11), and teachers (N = 8), as well as semi-structured interviews with families affected by communal violence (N = 42), and key informants (N = 33). An interrelated set of problems was found that included poverty, an indigenized trauma construct, morally inappropriate behavior, inter-religious tensions, and somatic problems. Participants emphasized social-ecological interactions between concerns at different systemic levels, although problems were mainly addressed through informal care by families. The programmatic and research implications of these findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)112-135
Number of pages24
Journaltranscultural psychiatry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Indonesia
  • children
  • political violence
  • psychosocial
  • war

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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