Combining Stories and Numbers: A Methodologic Approach for a Critical Nursing Science

Helene Berman, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Jacquelyn C. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


The critical paradigm is increasingly being recognized as an appropriate perspective for the development of nursing knowledge. While different research approaches including feminist, neo-Marxist, and participatory research have been described, all share the goals of empowerment, emancipation, and change. As a relatively new world-view for nursing, the concept of a critical nursing science faces much the same resistance as the interpretive paradigm did a decade ago. This article reviews the aims and assumptions of the critical paradigm; discusses the merits of combining stories and numbers for the agenda of change; and, using examples from our research, describes three strategies for combining stories and numbers in the critical paradigm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalAdvances in Nursing Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 1998


  • Critical nursing science
  • Critical paradigm
  • Methodology
  • Methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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