Combined impact of the number of pre-ovulatory oocytes and cryopreservation on IVF outcome

James P. Toner, Robert G. Brzyski, Sergio Oehninger, Lucinda L. Veeck, Simonetta Simonetti, Suheil J. Muasher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


Three hundred and twenty-seven consecutive in-vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles in which luteal-phase leuprolide had been given were ranked according to the number of pre-ovulatory oocytes obtained (1-5, 6-10, >10). Excess pre-embryos were cryopreserved at the pronuclear stage and later transferred Into monitored natural cycles on the day after ovulation. The results indicate that the retrieval of large numbers of pre-ovulatory oocytes (>10) has a small negative impact on oocyte quality as judged by fertilization rates (4% lower). However, implantation was not impaired compared to lower levels of retrieval in either the original IVF or subsequent cryo-thaw cycles. Overall, despite the small reduction in fertilization rate, the retrieval of many pre ovulatory oocytes has produced a 'take-home baby rate' per stimulation cycle of 28.3% when 6-10 pre-ovulatory oocytes were retrieved and 41.5% when >10 were retrieved: even higher rates are anticipated when the remaining cryo preserved pre-embryos are ultimately thawed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)284-289
Number of pages6
JournalHuman Reproduction
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1991


  • Cryopreservation
  • IVF
  • Implantation
  • Oocytes
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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