Combined anti-angiogenic therapy against VEGF and integrin alpha Vbeta3 in an orthotopic model of ovarian cancer

Tae Jin Kim, Charles N. Landen, Yvonne G. Lin, Lingegowda S. Mangala, Chunhua Lu, Alpa M. Nick, Rebecca L. Stone, William M. Merritt, Guillermo Armaiz-Pena, Nicholas B. Jennings, Robert L. Coleman, David A. Tice, Anil K. Sood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Purpose: We tested the efficacy of dual targeting of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the alphaVbeta3 integrin in orthotopic mouse models of ovarian cancer. Results: In the SKOV3ip1 model, both single-agent bevacizumab and etaracizumab reduced tumor growth by 52-63% (p < 0.05), while combined therapy reduced growth by 63-74% compared to either agent alone (p < 0.05). Furthermore, bevacizumab/paclitaxel was superior to paclitaxel alone (weight reduction by 53%, p < 0.05), but etaracizumab/paclitaxel was not. Combining all three agents was more effective than either agent with paclitaxel (p < 0.05). Significantly, both bevacizumab and etaracizumab each sensitized the taxane-resistant SKOV3TRip2 cells to paclitaxel, reducing growth by 56-73% (p < 0.05). Both agents decreased proliferation and microvessel density, and increased apoptosis, alone and in combination with paclitaxel. In the HeyA8 model, there was significantly reduced growth with bevacizumab treatment, but not with etaracizumab, and combination therapy was not superior to bevacizumab alone. Experimental design: In vivo therapy experiments were conducted in chemo-sensitive (SKOV3ip1, HeyA8) and -resistant (SKOV3TRip2) ovarian cancer models. VEGF was targeted with bevacizumab and alphaVbeta3 with etaracizumab. Mice were treated with each agent alone, together, or in combination with paclitaxel for assessment of tumor growth. Tumor specimens were tested for proliferative index, microvessel density and apoptosis. Conclusions: Bevacizumab and etaracizumab are more effective in combination than individually in some ovarian cancer models, but not all. Both can sensitize taxane-resistant ovarian cancer cells to paclitaxel, though bevacizumab was superior to etaracizumab in this regard. Further study of this dual anti-angiogenic therapy is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2263-2272
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Biology and Therapy
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Alphabeta
  • Bevacizumab
  • Etaracizumab
  • Ovarian cancer
  • VEGF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research


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