Cocaine dependence and anxiety sensitivity among patients presenting for residential drug use treatment

Julia D. Buckner, Steven L. Proctor, Elizabeth Reynolds, Catalina Kopetz, C. W. Lejuez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Cocaine use and dependence remains an important public health concern. Thus, the identification of individual difference factors that may maintain cocaine use remains an important goal. The goal of the current study is to test whether the cognitive vulnerability of anxiety sensitivity (AS), an identified risk factor for anxiolytic use and use-related disorders, is related to cocaine dependence diagnosis (n 5 168) among a sample of drug users currently enrolled in residential treatment (N 5 304). Results demonstrated that AS was significantly related to cocaine dependence and remained significant after controlling for sex, age, alcohol dependence, hallucinogen dependence, major depressive disorder, panic disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Taken together, these data suggest that AS may have a specific relation to cocaine dependence, calling into question the notion that AS is positively related only to drugs with anxiolytic properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-30
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cognitive Psychotherapy
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Anxiety
  • Anxiety sensitivity
  • Cocaine
  • Substance dependence
  • Substance use disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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