Clustering of leptin and physical activity with components of metabolic syndrome in Iranian population: An exploratory factor analysis

Alireza Esteghamati, Ali Zandieh, Omid Khalilzadeh, Afsaneh Morteza, Alipasha Meysamie, Manouchehr Nakhjavani, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Metabolic syndrome (MetS), manifested by insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, central obesity, and hypertension, is conceived to be associated with hyperleptinemia and physical activity. The aim of this study was to elucidate the factors underlying components of MetS and also to test the suitability of leptin and physical activity as additional components of this syndrome. Data of the individuals without history of diabetes mellitus, aged 25-64 years, from third national surveillance of risk factors of non-communicable diseases (SuRFNCD-2007), were analyzed. Performing factor analysis on waist circumference, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, systolic blood pressure, triglycerides (TG) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) led to extraction of two factors which explained around 59.0% of the total variance in both genders. When TG and HDL-C were replaced by TG to HDL-C ratio, a single factor was obtained. In contrast to physical activity, addition of leptin was consistent with one-factor structure of MetS and improved the ability of suggested models to identify obesity (BMI ∼30 kg/m2, P < 0.01), using receiver-operator characteristics curve analysis. In general, physical activity loaded on the first identified factor. Our study shows that one underlying factor structure of MetS is also plausible and the inclusion of leptin does not interfere with this structure. Further, this study suggests that physical activity influences MetS components via modulation of the main underlying pathophysiologic pathway of this syndrome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)206-213
Number of pages8
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Factor analysis
  • Leptin and physical activity
  • Metabolic syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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