Akt mediates important cellular decisions involved in growth, survival, and metabolism. The mechanisms by which Akt is phosphorylated and activated in response to growth factors or insulin have been extensively studied, but the molecular regulatory components and dynamics of Akt attenuation are poorly understood. Here we show that a downstream target of insulin-induced Akt activation, Clk2, triggers Akt dephosphorylation through the PP2A phosphatase complex. Clk2 phosphorylates the PP2A regulatory subunit B56β (PPP2R5B, B. 'β), which is a critical regulatory step in the assembly of the PP2A holoenzyme complex on Akt leading to dephosphorylation of both S473 and T308 Akt sites. Since Akt plays a pivotal role in cellular signaling, these results have important implications for our understanding of Akt regulation in many biological processes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Feb 18 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology