Diagnosis of melioidosis, an infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei (formerly Pseudomonas pseudomallei), is made initially by antibody testing, which is not always sensitive or specific. We have developed two seminested PCR protocols combined with enzyme immunoassay (EIA) to detect the conserved ribosomal regulatory region of B. pseudomallei. Both PCRs used one biotinylated primer for capturing PCR products on EIA plates. One system, termed solution hybridization EIA (SHEIA), hybridized PCR products with a digoxigenin-labeled probe in solution. Another system, termed primer-labeled EIA (PLEIA), used a digoxigenin-labeled nested primer to generate products that were directly detected without hybridization. To prevent amplicon contamination, pre-PCR uracil DNA glycosylase treatment or post-PCR UV irradiation was incorporated into each system. By a rapid method of blood sample preparation for PCR, these systems had sensitivities of 75 bacteria per ml for SHEIA and 300 bacteria per ml for PLEIA. No nonspecific amplification of other bacterial DNAs was detected. This seminested PCR coupled with SHEIA or PLEIA fulfills all the requirements for a diagnostic test to be used in developing countries where B. pseudomallei is endemic.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)