Clinical Validation of IsoPSA™, a Single Parameter, Structure Based Assay for Improved Detection of High Grade Prostate Cancer

Mark Stovsky, Eric A. Klein, Arnon Chait, Kannan Manickam, Andrew J. Stephenson, Mathew Wagner, Martin Dineen, Yair Lotan, Alan Partin, Jack Baniel, Aimee Kestranek, Prasad Gawande, Boris Zaslavsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Purpose: Current prostate specific antigen markers to detect prostate cancer are limited by low specificity for high grade disease. IsoPSA™ is a blood based, structure focused assay which predicts risk by partitioning the isoforms of prostate specific antigen that are linked to cancer in an aqueous 2-phase reagent system. We validated the clinical performance of this assay for identifying high grade disease in a new contemporary biopsy cohort. Materials and Methods: We performed a multicenter prospective validation in 271 men scheduled for prostate biopsy at a total of 7 academic and community centers who were enrolled between May 2017 and March 2018. Blood samples were obtained for assay prior to biopsy. The discrimination power of the assay to detect high grade prostate cancer (Gleason 7 or greater) was evaluated by ROC analysis and compared to prior results. Clinical performance was further improved by comparison with multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging-ultrasound vs transrectal ultrasound guided biopsies. Results: The assay AUC was 0.784 for high grade vs low grade cancer/benign histology, which was superior to the AUCs of total prostate specific antigen and percent free prostate specific antigen. If 1,000 patients were biopsied, the assay would have reduced the number of unnecessary biopsies from 705 to 402 (43%) with only 22 missed high grade cancers, of which 7 would have been Gleason sum 4 + 3 or higher. Subset analysis of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging guided biopsy produced a substantial improvement of the AUC to 0.831. Conclusions: Validation of the structure based IsoPSA assay demonstrated statistical concordance with previously reported results and verified its superior performance vs concentration based prostate specific antigen and the free-to-total prostate specific antigen ratio. The assay improvement in detecting high grade prostate cancer using multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging-ultrasound guided biopsy may help define a new diagnostic paradigm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1115-1120
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019


  • biomarkers
  • neoplasm grading
  • prostate specific antigen
  • prostatic neoplasms
  • protein isoforms
  • tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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