Clinical evaluation of female factor infertility

Yulian Zhao, Lisa Kolp, Melissa Yates, Howard Zacur

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


An infertility evaluation is designed to detect problems responsible for preventing pregnancy and is traditionally divided into male and female evaluations. The purpose of this chapter is to discuss the clinical evaluation of female infertility. Causes of female infertility include failure to have or release oocytes, failure to possess a patent reproductive tract receptive to an embryo, or a coexisting medical condition affecting all or some of the above. The evaluation to be performed to detect these causes, such as medical history and physical examination, assessment of oocyte reserve, assessment of patency of the female reproductive tract, assessment of endometrial receptivity, and assessment of the abdominal pelvic cavity, is discussed in this chapter. Improvement in the success rates of the assisted reproductive technology procedure of IVF will continue to influence the evaluation of infertility. The balance between the necessity for certain clinical evaluations and financial expenses incurred for the patients must be weighed by both the infertile couple and treating physician.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationReproductive Endocrinology and Infertility
Subtitle of host publicationIntegrating Modern Clinical and Laboratory Practice
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9781441914354
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010


  • Clinical evaluation
  • Diminished ovarian reserve
  • Endometrial receptivity
  • Female factor infertility
  • Fragile X syndrome
  • Hysteroscopy
  • Laparoscopy
  • Luteal phase defect
  • Ovulation assessment
  • Pregnanediol-3 alpha-glucuronide
  • Reproductive tract patency
  • Sonohysteroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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