Client-rated facilitators and barriers to long-term youth anxiety disorder recovery

Elizabeth P. Casline, Robert R. Ogle, Tara S. Peris, Philip C. Kendall, John Piacentini, Scott N. Compton, Courtney Keeton, Golda S. Ginsburg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: This study examined client ratings of 26 facilitators and barriers to anxiety improvement approximately 6 years after randomization to treatment for anxiety. Method: 319 youth (average 17.12 years old; 82.1% Caucasian; 58.6% female) participated in the longitudinal follow-up study to child and adolescent anxiety multimodal study (CAMS), a randomized controlled trial of medication, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), combination, and placebo. Results: Correcting for multiple comparisons, CBT components (i.e., problem solving, changing unhelpful thoughts, relaxation skills) were rated significantly more helpful among youth without, versus with, an anxiety disorder at follow-up. Barriers that differentiated youth with and without an anxiety disorder included being bullied and difficulty applying therapy content to new situations. Comparisons between youth with different anxiety disorder trajectories (e.g., stable remission, relapsed, or chronically ill) also revealed several differences. Conclusion: Findings suggest that client-rated facilitators and barriers covary with anxiety disorder recovery and may serve as useful tools when evaluating long-term treatment efficacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2164-2179
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2022


  • anxiety
  • children
  • cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • longitudinal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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