CLCN5 chloride-channel mutations in six new North American families with X-linked nephrolithiasis

Jr Hoopes, P. A. Hueber, Jr Reid, G. L. Braden, P. R. Goodyer, A. R. Melnyk, J. P. Midgley, D. I. Moel, A. M. Neu, S. K. VanWhy, S. J. Scheinman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Background. X-linked nephrolithiasis, or Dent's disease, encompasses several clinical syndromes of low molecular weight (LMW) proteinuria, hypercalciuria, nephrocalcinosis, nephrolithiasis, and renal failure, and is associated with mutations in the CLCN5 gene encoding a kidney-specific voltage-gated chloride channel. Some patients from Europe have rickets, and all symptomatic patients confirmed by mutation analysis have been male. Methods. We analyzed the CLCN5 DNA sequence in six new families with this disease. Results. In three probands, a single-base substitution yielded a nonsense triplet at codons 28, 34, and 343, respectively, and in two families, one of which was Hispanic, we found single-base deletions at codons 40 and 44, leading to premature termination of translation. In the sixth family, a single-base change from C to T predicted substitution of leucine for serine at codon 244, previously reported in two European families with prominent rickets, though this patient of Ashkenazi origin did not have rickets. Each of these mutations was confirmed by restriction endonuclease analysis, or repeat sequencing and CFLP. The R34X mutation occurred in a Canadian infant with severe rickets. The family with the R28X nonsense mutation included one woman with recurrent kidney stones and another woman with glomerular sclerosis. In another family, a woman heterozygous for the W343X mutation also had nephrolithiasis. Conclusions. These studies expand the range of mutations identified in this disease, and broaden the phenotypic range to include clinically affected women and the first North American case with severe rickets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)698-705
Number of pages8
JournalKidney international
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Chloride channel
  • Dent's disease
  • Kidney stones
  • Rickets
  • X-linked nephrolithiasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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