Classification Schemes of Cranial Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas

Juan Gomez, Anubhav G. Amin, Lydia Gregg, Philippe Gailloud

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


The clinical presentation of dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs), in particular the associated risk of intracranial hemorrhage, shows a strong correlation with their pattern of venous drainage. The two most commonly used and clinically accepted DAVF classifications are the Merland-Cognard classification and the Borden classification, both based on the morphology of the venous drainage. A revised classification that grades DAVFs through a combination of angiographic and clinical features has also been proposed. This article offers a review of these various classification schemes, and discusses their application to treatment decision making.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-62
Number of pages8
JournalNeurosurgery clinics of North America
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2012


  • Borden
  • Classification
  • Dural arteriovenous fistula
  • Merland-Cognard
  • Vascular malformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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