Classification, outcomes, and management of misdeployed stents during EUS-guided gastroenterostomy

EUS-GE Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and Aims: Stent misdeployment (SM) has hindered the dissemination of EUS-guided gastroenterostomy (EUS-GE) for gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) management. We aimed to provide a classification system for SM during EUS-GE and study clinical outcomes and management accordingly. Methods: This is a retrospective study involving 16 tertiary care centers (8 in the United States, 8 in Europe) from March 2015 to December 2020. Patients who developed SM during EUS-GE for GOO were included. We propose classifying SM into 4 types. The primary outcome was rate and severity of SM (per American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy lexicon), whereas secondary outcomes were clinical outcomes and management of dislodgement according to the SM classification type, in addition to salvage management of GOO after SM. Results: From 467 EUS-GEs performed for GOO during the study period, SM occurred in 46 patients (9.85%). Most SMs (73.2%) occurred during the first 13 EUS-GE cases by the performing operators. SM was graded as mild (n = 28, 60.9%), moderate (n = 11, 23.9%), severe (n = 6, 13.0%), or fatal (n = 1, 2.2%), with 5 patients (10.9%) requiring surgical intervention. Type I SM was the most common (n = 29, 63.1%), followed by type II (n = 14, 30.4%), type IV (n = 2, 4.3%), and type III (n = 1, 2.2%). Type I SM was more frequently rated as mild compared with type II SM (75.9% vs 42.9%, P =.04) despite an equivalent rate of surgical repair (10.3% vs 7.1%, P =.7). Overall, 4 patients (8.7%) required an intensive care unit stay (median, 2.5 days). The median length of stay was 4 days after SM. Conclusions: Although SM is not infrequent during EUS-GE, most are type I, mild/moderate in severity, and can be managed endoscopically with a surgical intervention rate of approximately 11%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-89
Number of pages10
JournalGastrointestinal endoscopy
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology


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