Objectives The aim of this paper was to investigate whether ventricular arrhythmias in children with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) show circadian patterns. Background Circadian arrhythmic patterns have been established in long QT, Brugada, and early repolarization, but have not been investigated in CPVT. Methods This is a multicenter, retrospective review of pediatric CPVT patients, age <21 years at diagnosis. Timing of ventricular tachycardia (VT ≥3 beats) was assessed during 24-h continuous monitoring (Holter, implantable loop recorder, implantable cardioverter defibrillator) and by eliminating sleep hours, in addition to sporadic exercise stress tests. Morning was defined as 6:00 AM to 11:59 AM, afternoon 12:00 PM to 5:59 PM, and evening 6:00 PM to 11:59 PM. Distribution of VT events was compared by time of day, day of week, age, and sex. Results Eighty patients (53% male), 61% with an ICD, experienced 423 VT events during a median follow-up time of 6 years (interquartile range: 2 to 10 years). When compared to morning hours, VT was more likely to occur in the afternoon (odds ratio [OR]: 2.54; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.69 to 3.83) or evening hours (OR: 2.91; 95% CI: 1.82 to 4.67). The predominance of afternoon/evening events persisted regardless of age, gender, or day of the week. Among 50 patients who underwent exercise stress tests, VT was significantly more likely to occur in the afternoon (OR: 3.00; 95% CI: 1.39 to 6.48). Conclusions In pediatric CPVT patients, ventricular arrhythmias are more likely to occur in the afternoon and evening hours. Because children's activity levels peak in both the morning and afternoon, the lack of arrhythmias in the morning hours raises questions whether factors other than adrenergic stimulation influence arrhythmia induction in pediatric patients with CPVT.
- catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)