Church Attendance and Mobility Limitation Among Black and White Men With Prostate Cancer

Marino A. Bruce, Janice V. Bowie, Bettina M. Beech, Keith C. Norris, Thomas A. LaVeist, Daniel L. Howard, Roland J. Thorpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Prostate cancer is a significant impediment that can reduce physical functional status. Mobility is fundamental for quality of life and church attendance to be associated with improved physical functioning. Few studies have examined how religious participation have implications for mobility limitation among men in general and among prostate cancer survivors in particular. The purpose of this study was to assess the association between church attendance and mobility limitation among Black and White prostate cancer patients and survivors. Data for this investigation were drawn from the Diagnosis and Decisions in Prostate Cancer Treatment Outcomes Study that consisted of 804 Black and White men with complete information on the primary outcome and predictor variables. Mobility limitation was the primary outcome variable, and church attendance was the main independent variable. The analytic sample was almost equally divided between Black (N = 382) and White men (N = 422). The proportion of Black men reporting mobility limitation (30.09%) more than doubled the corresponding percentage for White men (14.7%). Black men had a higher proportion of individuals who reported weekly church attendance (49.2% vs. 45.0%). Fully adjusted modified Poisson regression models produced results indicating that respondents attending church weekly had a lower mobility limitation prevalence (PR = 0.56, 95% CI [0.39, 0.81]) than those never attending church. Results from this study contribute to the body of evidence asserting the health benefits of church attendance. These findings suggest that health providers should consider how religion and spirituality can present opportunities for improved outcomes in prostate cancer patients and survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican journal of men's health
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2021


  • Mobility limitations
  • health disparities
  • prostate cancer
  • religiosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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